ERIC Number: EJ886831
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Analogical Reasoning Ability in Autistic and Typically Developing Children
Morsanyi, Kinga; Holyoak, Keith J.
Developmental Science, v13 n4 p578-587 Jul 2010
Recent studies (e.g. Dawson et al., 2007) have reported that autistic people perform in the normal range on the Raven Progressive Matrices test, a formal reasoning test that requires integration of relations as well as the ability to infer rules and form high-level abstractions. Here we compared autistic and typically developing children, matched on age, IQ, and verbal and non-verbal working memory, using both the Raven test and pictorial tests of analogical reasoning. Whereas the Raven test requires only formal analogical reasoning, the other analogy tests require use of real-world knowledge, as well as inhibition of salient distractors. We found that autistic children performed as well as controls on all these tests of reasoning with relations. Our findings indicate that the basic ability to reason systematically with relations, for both abstract and thematic materials, is intact in autism.
Descriptors: Autism, Short Term Memory, Logical Thinking, Inferences, Comparative Analysis, Children, Knowledge Level, Inhibition
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices