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ERIC Number: EJ886740
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1360-2322
Reactive Attachment Disorder Symptoms in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
Minnis, Helen; Fleming, Gail; Cooper, Sally-Ann
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v23 n4 p398-403 Jul 2010
Background: Studies with children suggest that reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is associated with pathogenic early care. Little is known about RAD in adults with intellectual disabilities, many of whom experience adversity and abuse in early life. We investigated whether RAD symptoms occur in this population, and explored whether hypothesized risk factors are associated with higher RAD symptom scores. Method: Fifty adults with intellectual disabilities residing in long-stay hospitals and their carers participated in a questionnaire survey of RAD symptoms, childhood experiences, and disabilities. Results: Reactive attachment disorder symptoms were present in this sample, and symptom scores were independently associated with early childhood adversity, diminished with age, but were not associated with cognitive ability, gender, other disabilities, nor number of childhood years in institutional care. Conclusions: As with children with RAD, it is possible that some maltreated adults with intellectual disabilities fail to develop stranger anxiety by the usual developmental age. Over decades, they may gradually learn.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: cs-journals@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A