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ERIC Number: EJ886590
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 40
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1086-296X
The Effects of Explicitly Teaching Story Structure to Primary Grade Children
Stevens, Robert J.; Van Meter, Peggy; Warcholak, Nicholas D.
Journal of Literacy Research, v42 n2 p159-198 2010
The importance of emergent literacy skills as a foundation for proficient reading has led to the development of interventions to teach these skills. These interventions are particularly important for children from disadvantaged homes because they often lack the home literacy experiences necessary for building foundational literacy skills prior to school entry. While previous interventions have been successful in developing literacy skills, noticeably absent has been instruction to develop comprehension. In this study, teachers explicitly taught the narrative structure to kindergarten and first grade children in high poverty schools to increase their comprehension of children's literature. Instruction was delivered as children listened to stories during daily story time. The findings indicate that children who learned story structures recalled more ideas from new stories and answered more questions about structural elements of those stories (e.g., who is the main character?). The results suggest that teachers can deliver effective comprehension instruction to emergent and beginning readers in the context of listening comprehension activities. (Contains 6 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Kindergarten
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A