ERIC Number: EJ886292
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 140
The Role of Verbal Threat Information in the Development of Childhood Fear. "Beware the Jabberwock!"
Muris, Peter; Field, Andy P.
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, v13 n2 p129-150 Jun 2010
Rachman's ("Behaviour Research and Therapy" 15:372-387, 1977; "Clinical Psychology Review" 11:155-173, 1991) three pathways theory proposed that childhood fears not only arise as a consequence of direct learning experiences, but can also be elicited by means of threat information transmission. This review looks at the scientific evidence for this idea, which has accumulated during the past three decades. We review research on the influences of media exposure on children's fears, retrospective parent and child reports on the role of threat information in fear acquisition, and experimental studies that explored the causal effects of threat information on childhood fears. We also discuss possible mechanisms by which threat information exerts its influence and the processes relevant to understand the role of this type of learning experience in the origins of fear. Finally, implications for the prevention and intervention of childhood fears are briefly explored, and potential leads for future research will be highlighted. (Contains 1 table and 1 footnote.)
Descriptors: Fear, Children, Role, Learning Experience, Mass Media Effects, Parents, Verbal Communication, Associative Learning, Prevention, Intervention, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A