ERIC Number: EJ886054
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
Can Computer-Mediated Interventions Change Theoretical Mediators of Safer Sex? A Meta-Analysis
Noar, Seth M.; Pierce, Larson B.; Black, Hulda G.
Human Communication Research, v36 n3 p261-297 Jul 2010
The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of computer-mediated interventions (CMIs) aimed at changing theoretical mediators of safer sex. Meta-analytic aggregation of effect sizes from k = 20 studies indicated that CMIs significantly improved HIV/AIDS knowledge, d = 0.276, p less than 0.001, k = 15, N = 6,625; sexual/condom attitudes, d = 0.161, p less than 0.001, k = 12, N = 5,816; and condom self-efficacy, d = 0.186, p less than 0.001, k = 10, N = 3,308. Although assessed in fewer studies, CMIs also significantly increased perceived susceptibility, condom communication, and condom intentions. Effect sizes were found to be of similar magnitude to human-delivered interventions. Exploratory analysis of moderating influences detected few significant variables. Implications for the development and testing of CMIs are discussed.
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Self Efficacy, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Effect Size, Meta Analysis, Health Promotion, Health Behavior, Computer Uses in Education, Sexuality, Knowledge Level, Attitude Change, Educational Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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