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ERIC Number: EJ885879
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0342-5282
Poststroke Shoulder Pain in Turkish Stroke Patients: Relationship with Clinical Factors and Functional Outcomes
Barlak, Aysegul; Unsal, Sibel; Kaya, Kurtulus; Sahin-Onat, Sule; Ozel, Sumru
International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, v32 n4 p309-315 Dec 2009
The objective of this study was to assess the possible causes of hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) in Turkish patients with stroke, to identify the correlation between HSP and clinical factors, and to review the effects of HSP on functional outcomes. A total of 187 consecutive patients with stroke were evaluated for the presence of HSP and for the possible causes. Each patient was evaluated by clinical, radiographic, and ultrasonographic examination. Daily living activities were assessed using the Functional Independence Measure at admission and at discharge. Patients were divided into two groups, one comprising patients with shoulder pain and the other comprising patients without shoulder pain. They were then compared with respect to clinical characteristics, radiologic findings, and Functional Independence Measure scores. Shoulder pain was present in 114 (61%) patients. Of the 114 patients with pain, 71 patients showed various grades of glenohumeral joint subluxation, 70 patients had complex regional pain syndrome-type I, 70 patients had impingement syndrome, 68 patients had spasticity, 49 patients had adhesive capsulitis, and 10 patients had thalamic pain. No correlation was found between shoulder pain and clinical factors (sex, hemiplegic side, hand dominance, etiologic cause, comorbidities). The relationship between shoulder pain and adhesive capsulitis was significant (P=0.01) and also complex regional pain syndrome-type I was statistically significant (P=0.001). The group without HSP showed significantly more improvement than the group with HSP in functional outcomes (P=0.01) and the hospitalization period was significantly shorter (P=0.03). Shoulder pain is a frequent problem in patients with stroke. It is, however, often difficult to isolate a specific cause and it causes a prolonged hospitalization period and can have a negative effect on functional outcomes.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey