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ERIC Number: EJ885722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-1077-193X
School Sports and Adolescent Steroid Use: National Trends and Race-Ethnic Variations
Hua, Lv; Braddock, Jomills Henry, II
Challenge: A Journal of Research on African American Men, v14 n2 p29-49 Fall 2008
In the United States, it has been reported that 4% to 12% of male adolescents and 0.5% to 2.9% of female adolescents have used anabolic steroids to enhance sports performance or favorably alter body size. Although medical, legal, and ethical issues related to the nonmedical use of anabolic steroids have been widely publicized, a growing number of adolescents appear to be using them for nonmedical purposes. This study examines the relationship between sports participation and steroid use among Black and White high school males using data from the Monitoring the Future Surveys: 1991-2007. Our specific aims were threefold: (1) to examine whether trends in high school male adolescent steroid usage was associated with the "steroids era" in major league baseball; (2) to compare Black-White adolescent usage patterns, and (3) to determine if participation in school sports served as a protective or risk factor for steroid use. Results indicate that adolescent male steroid use increased during the "steroids era", White males reported higher prevalence of steroid use than Black males, and sport participation served as a protective factor, but only for Black males. (Contains 3 tables.)
Morehouse College. Morehouse Research Institute, 830 Westview Drive SW, Atlanta, GA 30314. Fax: 404-215-3474; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States