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ERIC Number: EJ885321
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Effect of Task Constraint on Reaching Performance in Children with Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy
Ju, Yun-Huei; You, Jia-Yuan; Cherng, Rong-Ju
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v31 n5 p1076-1082 Sep-Oct 2010
The purposes of the study were to examine the effect of task constraint on the reaching performance in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) and to examine the correlations between the reaching performance and postural control. Eight children with CP and 16 typically developing (TD) children participated in the study. They performed a reach-and-return task with a seated posture on a stool. The target for reaching was set at a 120% arm-length distance in three directions (anterior, medial, and lateral). Reaching speed was modulated with a metronome at a rate of 46 beats/min. A motion analysis system recorded the kinematic data of reaching at a sampling rate of 150 Hz. Postural control was assessed with a pediatric reaching test. Movement time (MT), straightness ratio (SR), hand peak velocity (PV), and movement unit (MU) of reaching were compared between groups and among task conditions with repeated measure ANOVAs. Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficients were used to examine the correlations between reaching and postural control. Children with CP presented longer MT, larger SR and more MU than did TD children. Further, the children with CP showed larger SR while reaching medially and laterally than anteriorly. But TD children were not affected by these task constraints. Moderate correlations between postural control ability and SR and MU were noted. In conclusion, the children with CP showed a slower, more skewed, less efficient and less coordinated pattern of reaching than the TD children. Reaching laterally and medially seemed to impair the reaching performance (more skewed and less efficient) of the children with CP, but not of the TD children. Reaching laterally and medially may involve trunk rotation which produces more postural challenges than reaching anteriorly. This finding may explain the difference in the effect of task constraint on hand reaching performance between the two groups of children. Moreover, the better the postural control ability, the straighter, and more efficient and coordinated reaching performance the children showed. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A