ERIC Number: EJ885285
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Expressive and Receptive Language Effects of African American English on a Sentence Imitation Task
Terry, J. Michael; Jackson, Sandra C.; Evangelou, Evangelos; Smith, Richard L.
Topics in Language Disorders, v30 n2 p119-134 Apr-Jun 2010
This study tests the extent to which giving credit for African American English (AAE) responses on a General American English sentence imitation test mitigates dialect effects. Forty-eight AAE-speaking second graders completed the Recalling Sentences subtest of the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Third Edition (1995). A Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo method was used to determine the relationship between the students' scores and the presence of third person singular "-s," a feature largely absent from AAE morphosyntax, in the subtest sentences. Even when given credit for AAE responses, the estimated effect of third person singular "-s" was significant, high relative to those of negation and counterfactual conditional "if" + "ed," and correlated with an independent measure of the students' rootedness in AAE syntax. It is argued that these results reveal a receptive language effect not addressed by crediting dialect productions.
Descriptors: Sentences, Black Dialects, Markov Processes, Syntax, Imitation, Receptive Language, North American English, Language Tests, Language Research, Expressive Language, Monte Carlo Methods, Bayesian Statistics, Morphemes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 2
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals