ERIC Number: EJ885258
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Language and Literacy Development of Children with Williams Syndrome
Mervis, Carolyn B.
Topics in Language Disorders, v29 n2 p149-169 Apr-Jun 2009
Williams syndrome is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder caused by deletion of approximately 25 genes on chromosome 7q11.23. Children with the syndrome evidence large individual differences in both broad language and reading abilities. Nevertheless, as a group, children with this syndrome show a consistent pattern characterized by relative strengths in concrete vocabulary and phonological processing (language skills strongly related to single-word reading) and relative weaknesses in relational concepts, receptive grammar, verbal working memory, comprehension monitoring, and discourse (language skills strongly related to reading comprehension). Children with Williams syndrome who have been taught reading using a systematic phonics approach both decode and comprehend significantly better than children who have been taught using a whole-word approach. Consideration of these patterns in the context of what is known about the reading development of children in the general population provides a strong foundation for facilitating the reading development of children with Williams syndrome.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Phonics, Short Term Memory, Reading Ability, Language Processing, Literacy, Language Skills, Reading Instruction, Reading Strategies, Speech Language Pathology, Child Development, Communication Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Children
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 351 West Camden Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Tel: 800-638-3030; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.lww.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A