ERIC Number: EJ885254
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Language Characteristics of Individuals with Down Syndrome
Martin, Gary E.; Klusek, Jessica; Estigarribia, Bruno; Roberts, Joanne E.
Topics in Language Disorders, v29 n2 p112-132 Apr-Jun 2009
On average, language and communication characteristics of individuals with Down syndrome (the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability) follow a consistent profile. Despite considerable individual variability, receptive language is typically stronger than expressive language, with particular challenges in phonology and syntax. We review the literature on language and literacy skills of individuals with Down syndrome, with emphasis on the areas of phonology, vocabulary, syntax, and pragmatics. We begin by describing the hearing, oral-motor, cognitive, social, and prelinguistic and early nonverbal communication characteristics of individuals with Down syndrome. We conclude with a discussion of clinical implications and research directions.
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Phonology, Syntax, Down Syndrome, Receptive Language, Expressive Language, Literacy, Pragmatics, Language Impairments, Vocabulary, Hearing (Physiology), Cognitive Ability, Psychomotor Skills
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A