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ERIC Number: EJ885190
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-0143-4632
How to Get Yourself on the Door of a Job: A Cross-Cultural Contrastive Study of Arabic and English Job Application Letters
Al-Ali, Mohammed N.
Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, v25 n1 p1-23 2004
This cross-cultural study examined the generic structure of English and Arabic job application letters written by native Arabic speakers and English native speakers to find out the discourse genre text similarities and differences between them. A corpus of 60 job application letters written by 60 job applicants was subjected to the form of move structure analysis proposed by Bhatia (1993). The results revealed that writers with different cultural backgrounds showed various types of rhetorical move preferences used in different sequences and frequencies to articulate the same communicative purpose in two text groups. The letters of application written by native Arabic speakers were found to contain particular strategic moves, such as "Glorifying the institution of the prospective employer" and "Invoking compassion" that do not even exist in the covering letters written by English writers. However, the letters written by native English applicants include lengthy supporting discussions to promote the candidate. This suggests that different strategies are effective in different cultures. We hope the results of this study will help language teachers in increasing their students' consciousness of cross-cultural preferences, and the essential genre-specific meaning components peculiar to each language. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A