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ERIC Number: EJ885153
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-1554-2998
School Counselors and Principals: Different Perceptions of Relationship, Leadership, and Training
Armstrong, Stephen A.; MacDonald, Jane H.; Stillo, Sandy
Journal of School Counseling, v8 n15 2010
This study examined school counselors' and principals' perceptions of their relationship and the effectiveness of their respective professional preparation programs. An exploratory factor analysis (n = 615) revealed three salient factors: relationship quality, campus leadership and training satisfaction. Kruskal-Wallis tests revealed statistically significant differences in all three factors across the four groups (elementary counselors and principals, and secondary counselors and principals). Mann Whitney "U" post hoc tests indicated more statistically significant differences among secondary counselors and principals than elementary. Implications for school counselors and improvements in preparation programs for counselors and principals are included. (Contains 1 table.)
Journal of School Counseling. Montana State University, College of Education, Health and Human Development, P.O. Box 172940, Bozeman, MT 59717. Tel: 406-994-4133; Fax: 406-994-1854; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Counselors; Administrators
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A