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ERIC Number: EJ884845
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 90
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
Homework Works If Homework Quality Is High: Using Multilevel Modeling to Predict the Development of Achievement in Mathematics
Dettmers, Swantje; Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Kunter, Mareike; Baumert, Jurgen
Journal of Educational Psychology, v102 n2 p467-482 May 2010
The present study examined the associations of 2 indicators of homework quality (homework selection and homework challenge) with homework motivation, homework behavior, and mathematics achievement. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze longitudinal data from a representative national sample of 3,483 students in Grades 9 and 10; homework effects were analyzed at the student and the class level simultaneously. Students who perceived their homework assignments to be well selected reported higher homework motivation, and homework behavior at both the student and the class level predicted later achievement at the class level. Homework assignments perceived to be cognitively challenging were differentially associated with achievement at the student and the class level. Students who perceived their homework to be challenging (student level) showed relatively poor performance, but homework challenge was positively related to achievement at the class level. (Contains 1 figure, 5 tables, and 5 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment