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ERIC Number: EJ884646
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0142-6001
Toward Automated Multi-Trait Scoring of Essays: Investigating Links among Holistic, Analytic, and Text Feature Scores
Lee, Yong-Won; Gentile, Claudia; Kantor, Robert
Applied Linguistics, v31 n3 p391-417 Jul 2010
The main purpose of the study was to investigate the distinctness and reliability of analytic (or multi-trait) rating dimensions and their relationships to holistic scores and "e-rater"[R] essay feature variables in the context of the TOEFL[R] computer-based test (TOEFL CBT) writing assessment. Data analyzed in the study were holistic and multi-trait essay scores provided by human raters and essay feature variable scores computed by "e-rater"-[R] (version 2.0) for two TOEFL CBT writing prompts. It was found that (i) all of the six multi-trait scores were not only correlated among themselves but also correlated with the holistic score, (ii) high correlations obtained among holistic and multi-trait scores were largely attributable to the impact of essay length on both holistic and multi-trait scoring, and (iii) some strong associations were confirmed between several "e-rater" variables and multi-trait rating dimensions. Implications are discussed for improving the multi-trait scoring of essays, refining "e-rater" essay feature variables, and validating automated essay scores.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language