NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ884511
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0896-3746
Providing Early Intervention within Natural Environments: A Cross-Cultural Comparison
Rantala, Anja; Uotinen, Sanna; McWilliam, R. A.
Infants and Young Children, v22 n2 p119-131 Apr-Jun 2009
The purposes of this study were to determine the state of current practice in early intervention in Finland and to compare them to American data. Professional women (N = 52), representing child care, elementary school, healthcare, and social work, completed the Families in Natural Environments Scale of Service Evaluation, a 34-item questionnaire about typical and ideal practices. Large differences between typical and ideal practices were found in all the 4 components of early intervention measured: first encounters, intervention planning, functionality, and service delivery. American typical-practice scores were more family-centered and in natural environments than Finnish scores, but some Finnish ideal-practice scores were higher than American scores. Implications for national administration of early intervention services, outcomes research, and more in-depth research are discussed. (Contains 2 figures and 2 tables.)
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 351 West Camden Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Tel: 800-638-3030; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; United States