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ERIC Number: EJ883534
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-1756-1108
Applying Cognitive Theory to Chemistry Instruction: The Case for Worked Examples
Crippen, Kent J.; Brooks, David W.
Chemistry Education Research and Practice, v10 n1 p35-41 2009
The case for chemistry instruction based on worked examples is presented, using a contemporary model of human learning. We begin by detailing human cognitive architecture and outlining the Interactive Compensatory Model of Learning (ICML). Through the ICML, the role of motivation, deliberate practice and feedback are detailed as key variables in the development of expertise. Using instructional examples, the strategy of worked example-based learning is described and contrasted with more open-ended forms of instruction. The learning mechanism inherent in instruction based on worked examples is shown to be theoretically consistent with the principles of the ICML. (Contains 4 figures.)
Royal Society of Chemistry. Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge, CB4 0WF, UK. Tel: +44-1223 420066; Fax: +44-1223 423623; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A