ERIC Number: EJ883411
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
Gender Differences in Depressive Symptoms during Adolescence: The Contributions of Weight-Related Concerns and Behaviors
Vaughan, Christine A.; Halpern, Carolyn T.
Journal of Research on Adolescence, v20 n2 p389-419 Jun 2010
A theoretical model of gender differences in depressive symptoms during adolescence was evaluated using data from Waves I and II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. The theoretical model under examination was primarily informed by the gender-additive model of gender differences in depressive symptoms during adolescence proposed by Stice and Bearman. In the model, it was posited that body mass index would be associated with perceiving oneself as overweight, which would then lead to a higher probability of dieting, which would be associated with greater depressive symptoms. Participants were 10,864 male and female adolescents. Gender did not moderate any of the model pathways, but mediation analysis indicated that gender differences in changes in depressive symptoms were mediated by perceived weight status and dieting. Findings suggest that one explanation for girls' higher depressive symptoms in adolescence relative to boys is girls' greater tendencies to perceive themselves as overweight and to diet.
Descriptors: Body Weight, Body Composition, Mediation Theory, Probability, Gender Differences, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Models, Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies, Self Concept, Dietetics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health