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ERIC Number: EJ883300
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
School Violence and Theoretically Atypical Schools: The Principal's Centrality in Orchestrating Safe Schools
Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami; Estrada, Jose Nunez
American Educational Research Journal, v46 n2 p423-461 2009
Theories often assume that schools in communities with high violence also have high rates of school violence, yet there are schools with very low violence in high violence communities. Organizational variables within these schools may buffer community influences. Nine "atypical" schools are selected from a national database in Israel. Three years of intense qualitative and quantitative methods are employed at these schools. The most important variable found is the leadership of the principal. These schools emphasize a school reform approach rather than packaged school violence evidence-based programs. The schools demonstrate "outward" oriented ideologies, a schoolwide awareness of violence, consistent procedures, integrated use of cultural and religious symbols, visual manifestations of student care, and the beautification of school grounds. (Contains 4 tables and 5 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel