ERIC Number: EJ882970
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Stress Process Model for Individuals with Dementia
Judge, Katherine S.; Menne, Heather L.; Whitlatch, Carol J.
Gerontologist, v50 n3 p294-302 Jun 2010
Purpose: Individuals with dementia (IWDs) face particular challenges in managing and coping with their illness. The experience of dementia may be affected by the etiology, stage, and severity of symptoms, preexisting and related chronic conditions, and available informal and formal supportive services. Although several studies have examined particular features of IWD's illness experience, few draw upon a conceptual model that outlines the global illness experience and the resulting stressors that commence with symptom onset, proliferate over time, and continue through the later stages of cognitive loss. Building on the work of Pearlin and colleagues (1990, Caregiving and the stress process: An overview of concepts and their measures. "The Gerontologist," 30, 583-594), this article proposes a stress process model (SPM) for IWDs that conceptualizes and examines the illness experience of IWDs. Implications: The proposed SPM for IWDs serves as a guide to (a) consider and understand the short- and long-term complexities of the illness experience for IWDs, (b) investigate specific hypotheses by outlining key stressors in the illness experience and by positing relationships among stressors and outcomes, and (c) help inform the development of interventions to prevent or reduce the negative stressors and enhance the positive experiences of living with a dementing illness.
Descriptors: Dementia, Etiology, Evaluation Methods, Models, Stress Management, Coping, Chronic Illness, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Neurological Impairments, Intervention, Quality of Life
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://gerontologist.oxfordjournals.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices