ERIC Number: EJ882643
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Randomized Controlled Trial for Early Intervention for Autism: A Pilot Study of the Autism 1-2-3 Project
Wong, Virginia C. N.; Kwan, Queenie K.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n6 p677-688 Jun 2010
We piloted a 2-week "Autism-1-2-3" early intervention for children with autism and their parents immediately after diagnosis that targeted at (1) eye contact, (2) gesture and (3) vocalization/words. Seventeen children were randomized into the Intervention (n = 9) and Control (n = 8) groups. Outcome measures included the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Rating Scale, Symbolic Play Test, and Parenting Stress Index. Children with autism improved in language/communication, reciprocal social interaction, and symbolic play. Parents perceived significant improvement in their children's language, social interaction, and their own stress level. This intervention can serve as short-term training on communication and social interaction for children with autism, and reduce the stress of their parents during the long waiting time for public health services.
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Early Intervention, Autism, Rating Scales, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Eye Movements, Speech Communication, Comparative Analysis, Program Effectiveness, Communication Skills, Interpersonal Competence, Play, Social Development, Parent Attitudes, Stress Variables, Child Rearing
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Parenting Stress Index