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ERIC Number: EJ882575
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Cultural Identity and Peer Influence as Predictors of Substance Use among Culturally Diverse Australian Adolescents
Gazis, Nicki; Connor, Jason P.; Ho, Robert
Journal of Early Adolescence, v30 n3 p345-368 2010
This study investigated cultural identity and peer influence on tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use in a culturally diverse sample of Northern Australian adolescents. Middle school students (n = 274) completed the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) and measures of their own and perceived friends' substance use. Higher scores on the full scale MEIM indicating stronger cultural identity were found to be independently protective of Indigenous and Non-Indigenous alcohol initiation. More friends using substances was associated with increased substance use risk for both cultural groups. A factor analysis of the MEIM identified a two-factor structure, consisting of Affirmation/Belonging and Participation/Exploration. Few significant associations were found between the MEIM factors and cultural group substance use. Interactions between the MEIM factors and friends' substance use indicated the two factors acted in the same way and decreased Non-Indigenous alcohol initiation for up to four drinking friends but were associated with risk for Indigenous alcohol initiation with any number of drinking friends. (Contains 7 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Grade 9; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure