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ERIC Number: EJ882284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Overweight among Low-Income Texas Preschoolers Aged 2 to 4 Years
Lewis, Kayan L.; Castrucci, Brian C.; Gossman, Ginger; Mirchandani, Gita; Sayegh, M. Aaron; Moehlman, Clint; Van Eck, Mary; Petrilli, Kimberly
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v42 n3 p178-184 May-Jun 2010
Objective: Determine child/maternal factors associated with overweight among 2- to 4-year-olds enrolled in the Texas Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Design: Matched child and maternal data collected by self-report of the mother during WIC certification. These data were extracted from existing statewide WIC databases and merged. Setting: Texas WIC children aged 2 to 4 years in April 2006. Participants: Final sample was 22,837 mother-child dyads. Main Outcome Measure: Dependent variable--child overweight; independent variables: Child-related--gender, age, race/ethnicity, Medicaid status, living area, and dental problems; Maternal-related--certification status, age, times certified, overweight, high maternal weight gain, and gestational diabetes. Analysis: Bivariate relationships at P less than 0.05 were included in the logistic regression. Results: Living in a nonborder urban area associated with greater odds of overweight compared to living in a border area. Mother's overweight, high gestational weight gain, and gestational diabetes associated with greater odds of child overweight. Conclusions and Implications: Several child- and maternal-related factors were found to be associated with overweight in Texas WIC preschoolers. Health interventions should target 4-year-old Hispanic children living in nonborder urban areas and mothers who are overweight, have high gestational weight gain, or have gestational diabetes. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas