ERIC Number: EJ881968
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI): A Comparison of Cut-Points in First Nations Mi'kmaq and Non-Aboriginal Adolescents in Rural Nova Scotia
Noel, Melanie; O'Connor, Roisin M.; Boudreau, Brock; Mushquash, Christopher J.; Comeau, M. Nancy; Stevens, Doreen; Stewart, Sherry H.
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, v8 n2 p336-350 Apr 2010
Important to the assessment of adolescent alcohol misuse is examination of alcohol-related problems. However, most measurement tools have only been validated among Euro-American cultures. The present study assessed the ability of the Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI) to identify problem drinkers among groups of First Nations Mi'kmaq and non-Aboriginal adolescents from rural Nova Scotia and compared cut-point scores across cultural groups. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analyses revealed that the RAPI adequately distinguished between problem and non-problem drinkers in both groups with similar levels of precision. Cut-points were lower for First Nations Mi'kmaq as compared to non-Aboriginal adolescents. Results support the use of the RAPI with First Nations Mi'kmaq and non-Aboriginal adolescents and suggest that cut-points may need to be lowered for use with First Nations Mi'kmaq adolescents. Findings highlight the need for empirical examination of the cross-cultural psychometric applicability of alcohol assessment tools and cut-points among First Nations adolescents.
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Psychometrics, Rural Areas, Measurement, Canada Natives, American Indians, Scores, Cross Cultural Studies, Identification
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada