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ERIC Number: EJ881130
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0193-3973
Language Skills in Low-SES Rural Appalachian Children: Kindergarten to Middle Childhood
Reynolds, Mary E.; Fish, Margaret
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, v31 n3 p238-248 May-Jun 2010
This study examined the development of language in low-SES rural Appalachian children from kindergarten through middle childhood. Findings showed that the children's language skills improved significantly between kindergarten and middle childhood, with all middle childhood language means within the average range. However, all areas of language except the ability to correctly interpret nonliteral language remained significantly below normative population means. Girls performed significantly better than did boys and higher-SES girls performed better than lower-SES girls. Nonliteral language and receptive syntax were relative strengths and vocabulary and pragmatic judgment were relative weaknesses. Use of grammatical markers of Appalachian English was not related to language skills and, as a group, these children demonstrated adequate phonological working memory. Standardized measures of morphology and syntax best classified children into groups who received remedial services for reading or other language-related tasks and those who did not. Implications of these finding are discussed. (Contains 2 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A