ERIC Number: EJ880877
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 60
Womanist Spirituality as a Response to the Racism-Sexism Double Bind in African American Women
Williams, Carmen Braun; Wiggins, Marsha I.
Counseling and Values, v54 n2 p175-186 Apr 2010
Many African American women begin counseling stigmatized by race and gender and may be targets of additional discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, class, age, and other social variables. In this article, the authors discuss "womanist" spirituality as a means for African American women to cope with racism, sexism, and multiple social stigmas.
Descriptors: African Americans, Females, Sexual Orientation, Religious Factors, Gender Discrimination, Gender Bias, Social Bias, Social Attitudes, Social Discrimination, Age Differences, Social Class, Feminism, Coping, Religion, Afrocentrism, Counseling Techniques
American Counseling Association. 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 800-422-2648; Tel: 800-347-6647; Fax: 800-473-2329; Web site: http://www.counseling.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A