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ERIC Number: EJ880779
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-1357-5279
The Effect of Breastfeeding and Stimulation in the Home on Cognitive Development in One-Year-Old Infants
Sloan, Seaneen; Stewart, Moira; Dunne, Laura
Child Care in Practice, v16 n2 p101-110 Apr 2010
Research on the effects of breastfeeding on child cognitive development has produced conflicting results, and many studies do not account for infant stimulation in the home. The aim of this study is to determine whether breastfeeding predicts enhanced cognitive development in one-year-old infants after controlling for the main socio-economic and environmental factors, including stimulation in the home. This cross-sectional observational study involved 137 infants and their mothers. Information on maternal socio-demographic factors and breastfeeding practices was obtained through semi-structured interview. Stimulation in the home was measured using the HOME Inventory. Cognitive development was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. Mean cognitive scores were significantly higher in breast-fed infants (110) compared with formula-fed infants (105). Breastfeeding duration had a positive linear association with cognitive scores at one year. In linear regression, the adjusted standardised beta for breastfeeding was 0.285, which remained significant after adjusting for confounding variables. Our data suggest that breastfeeding for more than a month may have a beneficial effect on cognitive development, and that there is a dose-response relationship between breastfeeding duration and cognitive development. These relationships are independent of the main confounding variables, including stimulation in the home. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development