ERIC Number: EJ880636
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Effectiveness of a Computerised Working Memory Training in Adolescents with Mild to Borderline Intellectual Disabilities
Van der Molen, M. J.; Van Luit, J. E. H.; Van der Molen, M. W.; Klugkist, I.; Jongmans, M. J.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v54 n5 p433-447 May 2010
Background: The goal of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a computerised working memory (WM) training on memory, response inhibition, fluid intelligence, scholastic abilities and the recall of stories in adolescents with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities attending special education. Method: A total of 95 adolescents with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities were randomly assigned to either a training adaptive to each child's progress in WM, a non-adaptive WM training, or to a control group. Results: Verbal short-term memory (STM) improved significantly from pre- to post-testing in the group who received the adaptive training compared with the control group. The beneficial effect on verbal STM was maintained at follow-up and other effects became clear at that time as well. Both the adaptive and non-adaptive WM training led to higher scores at follow-up than at post-intervention on visual STM, arithmetic and story recall compared with the control condition. In addition, the non-adaptive training group showed a significant increase in visuo-spatial WM capacity. Conclusion: The current study provides the first demonstration that WM can be effectively trained in adolescents with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities.
Descriptors: Control Groups, Mild Mental Retardation, Adolescents, Instructional Effectiveness, Short Term Memory, Computer Assisted Instruction, Teaching Methods, Intelligence, Recall (Psychology), Pretests Posttests, Scores, Spatial Ability, Arithmetic
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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