ERIC Number: EJ879815
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Dealing with Diversity: On the Uses of Common Sense in Descartes and Montaigne
De Marzio, Darryl M.
Studies in Philosophy and Education, v29 n3 p301-313 May 2010
This essay attempts to retrieve the notion of "common sense" within the writings of Descartes and Montaigne. I suggest that both writers represent distinct traditions in which the notion is employed. Descartes represents a modernist tradition in which common sense is understood to be a cognitive faculty, while Montaigne represents a humanist tradition in which common sense is understood as a political virtue. I also suggest that both writers work with the notion as a way of responding to diversity in the world. The paper concludes with a discussion of how the notion of common sense employed by Descartes and Montaigne emerges out of the scholastic tradition and the assertion that both writers are responding to the educational consequences of scholasticism. I also discuss how the reconstruction of Descartes in this paper can provide some ground for raising new questions about the Cartesian project and educational philosophy. Finally, I gesture toward the idea that the humanist tradition with its understanding of common sense as political virtue can provide benefit for contemporary responses to diversity.
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Student Diversity, Cognitive Processes, Cultural Pluralism, Values, Humanism, Educational History
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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