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ERIC Number: EJ879440
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0093-934X
The Effect of Semantic Relatedness on Syntactic Analysis: An fMRI Study
Newman, Sharlene D.; Ikuta, Toshikazu; Burns, Thomas, Jr.
Brain and Language, v113 n2 p51-58 May 2010
The sentences we process in normal conversation tend to refer to information that we are familiar with rather than abstract, unrelated information. This allows for the use of knowledge stores to help facilitate comprehension processes. In many sentence comprehension studies, the stimuli are designed such that the use of world knowledge is limited. Here, we investigated how the semantic relatedness of sentence constituents influences sentence processing. A three factor design was employed in which processing phase (sentence vs. probe), syntactic complexity (object-relative vs. conjoined active) and the semantic relatedness of the nouns within the sentence was examined. We found a differential effect in two sub-regions of the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG). BA 44 revealed an effect of syntactic complexity while inferior portions of the LIFG (BA 47) revealed an effect of relatedness as well as an interaction between complexity and relatedness during the probe phase. In addition, significant differences in activation were observed when comparing the sentence processing and probe phases with the sentence phase eliciting stronger semantic related activation while the probe phase elicited stronger working memory related activation. (Contains 4 tables and 6 figures.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A