ERIC Number: EJ879107
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Social Cognitive Predictors of Peer Acceptance at Age 5 and the Moderating Effects of Gender
Braza, Francisco; Azurmendi, Aitziber; Munoz, Jose M.; Carreras, Maria R.; Braza, Paloma; Garcia, Ainhoa; Sorozabal, Aizpea; Sanchez-Martin, Jose R.
British Journal of Developmental Psychology, v27 n3 p703-716 Sep 2009
In this study we examined the effects of social intelligence, empathy, verbal ability and appearance-reality distinction on the level of peer acceptance, as well as the moderating role of gender. Participants were 98 five-year-old children (43 boys and 55 girls; mean age 5 years 3 months for boys and girls). Our results showed a main effect of social intelligence on peer acceptance, as well as several other effects that were moderated by gender: a significant and positive effect of verbal ability on social acceptance was found for boys; appearance-reality distinction was found to have a positive effect on social acceptance in the case of girls; and although empathy had a significant positive effect on social acceptance for both boys and girls, this effect was more pronounced among boys. Our results suggest that abilities promoting peer acceptance are different for boys and girls.
Descriptors: Intelligence, Interpersonal Attraction, Preschool Children, Verbal Ability, Peer Acceptance, Gender Differences, Empathy, Interpersonal Competence, Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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