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ERIC Number: EJ878938
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
ISSN: ISSN-0145-4455
The Impact of Acceptance-Based Versus Avoidance-Based Protocols on Discomfort
Luciano, Carmen; Molina, Francisco; Gutierrez-Martinez, Olga; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Valdivia-Salas, Sonsoles; Cabello, Francisco; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Rodriguez-Valverde, Miguel; Wilson, Kelly G.
Behavior Modification, v34 n2 p94-119 2010
This study aimed to isolate the conditions under which aversive stimulation is experienced as more or less discomforting/unpleasant. Discomfort was induced by playing loud noises through headphones while participants performed computer tasks. We employed 4 main conditions. Condition 1: the acceptance-based protocol (ACT), intended to integrate discomfort in a valued direction, was implemented before the Inclusion Task (task performance could continue despite the presence of the noise). Subsequently, the experiential avoidance-based protocol (EA), intended to promote a relation of opposition between discomfort and valued actions, was implemented before the Opposition Task (task performance was suspended until the participants eliminated the sounds). Condition 2: this order was reversed. Conditions 3 and 4: the tasks were presented without any protocol. The ACT protocol produced the lowest level of discomfort, particularly when it was implemented before participants had experimental experience in trying to control discomfort. Two postcontrol conditions confirmed this result. Implications for prevention and treatment of psychological suffering are discussed. (Contains 1 table and 5 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A