ERIC Number: EJ878740
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 93
A Two-Dimensional Model of Intergroup Leadership: The Case of National Diversity
Pittinsky, Todd L.
American Psychologist, v65 n3 p194-200 Apr 2010
The model presented argues that leadership involves bringing together not only diverse individuals but also the subgroups to which they belong. The model further argues that this does not require replacing people's subgroup identities with a superordinate group identity (turning "us" and "them" into "we"); bringing together diverse individuals and their subgroups can be accomplished by promoting positive relations among subgroups, even as their distinctive identities (their senses of "us" and "them") remain. The model conceptualizes positive and negative intergroup attitudes as two independent dimensions of intergroup relations, each with distinct antecedents and distinct associated outcomes. Leaders seeking to create a collective from diverse subgroups must therefore (a) reduce negative intergroup attitudes and (b) increase positive intergroup attitudes. The author applies the model to organizational contexts of national diversity, but it can be applied to leadership across other forms of diversity.
Descriptors: International Organizations, Diversity (Institutional), Transformational Leadership, Intergroup Relations, Subcultures, Cooperation, Prosocial Behavior, Attitude Change, Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A