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ERIC Number: EJ878568
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
An In-Depth Examination of Optimal Outcome Children with a History of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Kelley, Elizabeth; Naigles, Letitia; Fein, Deborah
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v4 n3 p526-538 Jul-Sep 2010
Previous research has suggested that some children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may improve to such an extent that they lose their diagnosis, yet little research has examined these "optimal outcome" children in depth. We examined multiple aspects of functioning in a group of 13 optimal outcome (OO) children, matched on age, gender, and non-verbal IQ to a group of typically developing children (N=14) and a group of high-functioning children with ASD who still retained a diagnosis on the autism spectrum (N=14). These children were tested on average about eight years after they had been diagnosed (OO=93 months, HFA=94 months). Unlike their high-functioning peers with ASD, the OO group's adaptive and problem behavior scores fell within the average range. They also showed average language and communication scores on all language measures. The HFA group, however, continued to show pragmatic, linguistic, social, and behavioral difficulties. The OO children tended to have been diagnosed at younger ages and were significantly more likely to have received intensive early intervention. Although the high-functioning children with ASD continued to show difficulties in the behavioral realm, the individuals in the OO group were functioning within the average range on all measures. Future research should address how this optimal outcome is achieved. (Contains 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A