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ERIC Number: EJ877928
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
Expression of Self-Concept and Adjustment against Repeated Aggressions: The Case of a Longitudinal Study on School Bullying
Houbre, Barbara; Tarquinio, Cyril; Lanfranchi, Jean-Baptiste
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v25 n1 p105-123 Mar 2010
Bullying between students in the school setting is an increasing problem. Bullying can be defined as any form of repeated mental or physical violence carried out by one or several individuals on a person who is not capable of defending himself (Roland and Idsoe, "Aggress Behav" 27:446-462, 2001). The aim of this paper is to observe the expression of self-concept and adjustment strategies developed by children subject to this kind of violence. Five hundred twenty-four students between the ages of 8 and 12 (m = 9.44) participated in the longitudinal study. Two measurements were made during the same school year at an interval of 6 months. The results show that the student victims of bullying present weaker self-conceptions than the control group. Recourse to avoidance strategies would be dominant among student victims of bullying. Moreover, recourse to "avoidance" type strategies would lead to an increase in the frequency of bullying while recourse to "approach"-type strategies would lead to a reduction in it. Furthermore, it would seem that recourse to avoidance strategies at T1 lowers the student's self-concepts at T2. The opposite effect is observed with the approach strategies. These different results emphasize the necessity to establish prevention programs which allow an intervention simultaneously on the level of the school, the family, and the student.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A