ERIC Number: EJ877735
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
When Do Children Exhibit a "Yes" Bias?
Okanda, Mako; Itakura, Shoji
Child Development, v81 n2 p568-580 Mar-Apr 2010
This study investigated whether one hundred and thirty-five 3- to 6-year-old children exhibit a yes bias to various yes-no questions and whether their knowledge status affects the production of a yes bias. Three-year-olds exhibited a yes bias to all yes-no questions such as "preference-object" and "knowledge-object" questions pertaining to objects, and "knowledge-face" questions pertaining to facial expressions. Four-year-olds tended to say "yes" only to knowledge-object questions. Five-year-olds did not show any strong response tendency. Six-year-olds exhibited a "nay-saying" bias to knowledge-face questions. Also, 3-year-olds could indicate the correct option when asked questions with 2 response options. It suggested that 3-year-olds tended to inappropriately say "yes" to yes-no questions, although they knew the answers to the questions. The mechanism of a yes bias was discussed.
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Exhibits, Bias, Age Differences, Feedback (Response), Children, Evaluation Methods, Questioning Techniques, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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