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ERIC Number: EJ877103
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Universal Constraints on the Sound Structure of Language: Phonological or Acoustic?
Berent, Iris; Lennertz, Tracy
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v36 n1 p212-223 Feb 2010
Languages are known to exhibit universal restrictions on sound structure. The source of such restrictions, however, is contentious: Do they reflect abstract phonological knowledge, or properties of linguistic experience and auditory perception? We address this question by investigating the restrictions on onset structure. Across languages, onsets of small sonority distances are dispreferred (e.g., "lb" is dispreferred to "bn"). Previous research with aural materials demonstrates such preferences modulate the perception of unattested onsets by English speakers: Universally ill-formed onsets are systematically misperceived (e.g., "lba"[right arrow]"leba") relative to well-formed onsets (e.g., "bn"). Here, we show that the difficulty to process universally ill-formed onsets extends to printed materials. Auxiliary tests indicate that such difficulties reflect phonological, rather than orthographic knowledge, and regression analyses demonstrate such knowledge goes beyond the statistical properties of the lexicon. These findings suggest that speakers have abstract, possibly universal, phonological knowledge that is general with respect to input modality. (Contains 2 footnotes, 4 tables, and 2 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida