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ERIC Number: EJ877097
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 82
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Perceptual Constraints in Phonotactic Learning
Endress, Ansgar D.; Mehler, Jacques
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v36 n1 p235-250 Feb 2010
Structural regularities in language have often been attributed to symbolic or statistical general purpose computations, whereas perceptual factors influencing such generalizations have received less interest. Here, we use phonotactic-like constraints as a case study to ask whether the structural properties of specific perceptual and memory mechanisms may facilitate the acquisition of grammatical-like regularities. Participants learned that the consonants C[subscript 1] and C[subscript 2] had to come from distinct sets in words of the form C[subscript 1]VccVC[subscript 2] (where the critical consonants were in word "edges") but not in words of the form cVC[subscript 1]C[subscript 2]Vc (where the critical consonants were in word middles). Control conditions ruled out attentional or psychophysical difficulties in word "middles." Participants did, however, learn such regularities in word middles when natural consonant classes were used instead of arbitrary consonant sets. We conclude that positional generalizations may be learned preferentially using edge-based positional codes, but that participants can also use other mechanisms when other linguistic cues are given. (Contains 4 footnotes and 4 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A