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ERIC Number: EJ877094
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Masked Priming from Orthographic Neighbors: An ERP Investigation
Massol, Stephanie; Grainger, Jonathan; Dufau, Stephane; Holcomb, Phillip
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v36 n1 p162-174 Feb 2010
Two experiments combined masked priming with event-related potential (ERP) recordings to examine effects of primes that are orthographic neighbors of target words. Experiment 1 compared effects of repetition primes with effects of primes that were high-frequency orthographic neighbors of low-frequency targets (e.g., faute-faune [error-wildlife]), and Experiment 2 compared the same word neighbor primes with nonword neighbor primes (e.g., aujel-autel [altar]). Word neighbor primes showed the standard inhibitory priming effect in lexical decision latencies that sharply contrasted with the facilitatory effects of nonword neighbor primes. This contrast was most evident in the ERP signal starting at around 300 ms posttarget onset and continuing through the bulk of the N400 component. In this time window, repetition primes and nonword neighbor primes generated more positive-going waveforms than unrelated primes, whereas word neighbor primes produced null effects. The results are discussed with respect to possible mechanisms of lexical competition during visual word recognition. (Contains 3 footnotes and 11 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France