ERIC Number: EJ876787
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
The Draw-a-Person Test: An Indicator of Children's Cognitive and Socioemotional Adaptation?
Ter Laak, J.; De Goede, M.; Aleva, A.; Van Rijswijk, P.
Journal of Genetic Psychology, v166 n1 p77-93 Mar 2005
The authors examined aspects of reliability and validity of the Goode-nough-Harris Draw-A-Person Test (DAP; D. B. Harris, 1963). The participants were 115 seven- to nine-year-old students attending regular or special education schools. Three judges, with a modest degree of training similar to that found among practicing clinicians, rated the students' human figure drawings on developmental and personality variables. The authors found that counting details and determining developmental level in the DAP test could be carried out reliably by judges with limited experience. However, the reliability of judgments of children's social and emotional development and personality was insufficient. Older students and students attending regular schools received significantly higher scores than did younger students or students attending special education schools. The authors found that the success of the DAP test as an indicator of cognitive level, socioemotional development, and personality is limited when global judgments are used. The authors concluded that more specific, reliable, valid, and useful scoring systems are needed for the DAP test. (Contains 5 tables and 1 figure.)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Freehand Drawing, Human Body, Children, Personality, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Measurement, Emotional Development, Special Education, Child Development, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Social Development
Heldref Publications. 1319 Eighteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036-1802. Tel: 800-365-9753; Tel: 202-296-6267; Fax: 202-293-6130; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.heldref.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 3
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Draw a Person Test