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ERIC Number: EJ876773
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
ISSN: ISSN-0022-1325
The Relationship between Loneliness and Interpersonal Trust during Middle Childhood
Rotenberg, Ken J.; MacDonald, Keltie J.; King, Emily V.
Journal of Genetic Psychology, v165 n3 p233-249 Sep 2004
The authors administered measures of loneliness, generalized trust beliefs in peers, and trust beliefs in specific familiar peers (i.e., opposite-gender peers, same-gender peers, close same-gender peers) to a sample of 63 children (33 girls, 30 boys) from 4th and 5th grades (M age = 10 years, 6 months). They assessed children's trusting behavior by engaging them in a Prisoner's Dilemma game (reciprocal trusting) and by evaluating teachers' ratings. The authors found that, across gender, loneliness was negatively correlated with each measure of trust beliefs and trusting behavior. As expected, the relationship between children's loneliness and trust, specifically trust beliefs in same-gender peers, was stronger for girls than for boys. In support of an additive risk model, the authors found low trust beliefs in same-gender peers and low reciprocal trusting behavior with peers each statistically contributed to loneliness in girls. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A