ERIC Number: EJ876737
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Application of a Social Cognitive Model in Explaining Physical Activity in Iranian Female Adolescents
Taymoori, P.; Rhodes, R. E.; Berry, T. R.
Health Education Research, v25 n2 p257-267 Apr 2010
Adolescent Iranian girls are at high risk for physical inactivity due to cultural barriers such as restrictions regarding exercising in public and research is needed to explore ethnic and gender-related factors associated with physical activity (PA) participation. Using social cognitive theory as the guiding model, the purpose of this study was to test the fit and strength of barriers self-efficacy, outcome expectations, self-regulation and social support in explaining PA in female Iranian adolescents (n = 558). Using path analysis, social support was modeled as an antecedent of self-efficacy and outcome expectations, while self-efficacy was modeled as an antecedent of outcome expectations, self-regulatory planning and PA. Outcome expectations and self-regulatory planning were subsequently modeled as additional antecedents of PA. The model explained 52% of the variance in PA. The two significant (P less than 0.05) direct effects were from self-efficacy and outcome expectations. Social support from mothers, fathers and friends had significant indirect effects on PA through self-efficacy. These results will allow for future research and interventions not only for female Iranian adolescents but also for similar cultural and immigrant groups that have been neglected to date in the PA literature.
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Self Efficacy, Adolescents, Path Analysis, Epistemology, Immigrants, Social Cognition, Models, Foreign Countries, Females, Risk, Mothers, Fathers, Friendship, Barriers, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran