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ERIC Number: EJ876671
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1040-726X
How to Foster Active Processing of Explanations in Instructional Communication
Berthold, Kirsten; Renkl, Alexander
Educational Psychology Review, v22 n1 p25-40 Mar 2010
In instructional communication settings, instructional explanations play an important role. Despite the very common use of instructional explanations, empirical studies show that very often, they have no positive effects on learning outcomes. This ineffectiveness might be due to mental passivity of the recipient learners that leads to shallow processing of the explanations. Against this background, we introduce several types of instructional assistance to foster active processing of written instructional explanations in asynchronous computer-mediated instructional communication settings. The findings of three experiments showed that prompts or training for "focused processing" regarding the central principles and concepts of the explanation are especially effective with respect to fostering learning outcomes.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A