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ERIC Number: EJ876470
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0965-948X
Us and Them: Differences in Beliefs about Knowledge across Different Academic Disciplines
O'Siochru, Cathal
Psychology Teaching Review, v12 n1 p57-67 2006
Researchers (Jehng, Johnson & Anderson, 1993; Paulsen & Wells, 1998) have suggested that it is possible to divide disciplines into categories such as "applied" vs "pure". They believe that significant differences exist between the epistemological beliefs of students studying "applied" disciplines to those studying "pure" disciplines. This study looked at students studying in five different academic disciplines. Using Hofer's (2000) Epistemological Belief's Questionnaire (EPQ) the analysis compared the disciplines on four factors. A MANOVA confirmed that different significant differences existed on three of the four factors (Certainty df = 4, F = 113.65, p less than 0.001; Justification: personal df = 4, F = 45.31, p less than 0.01; Source: authority df = 4, F = 12.433, p less than 0.001; Justification: experience df = 4, F = 0.685, p = 0.904). Post-hoc analysis revealed the pattern of differences was consistent with the previous theories. "Applied" students viewed knowledge as certain, coming from an authority and not to be evaluated personally , compared to their "pure" counterparts. Results are discussed regarding the reliability of the EPQ and implications to teaching and learning in these disciplines. (Contains 5 tables.)
British Psychological Society, Division for Teachers & Researchers in Psychology. St Andrews House, 48 Princess Road East, Leicester, LE1 7DR, UK. Tel: +44-1162-529551; Fax: +44-1162-271314; e-mail: directmail@bps.org.uk; Web site: http://www.bps.org.uk/ptr
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A