ERIC Number: EJ876336
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Reference Count: 10
From Group to Team: Skilled Facilitation Moves a Group from a Collection of Individuals to an Effective Team
Lee, Ginny V.
Journal of Staff Development, v30 n5 p44-46, 48-49 Dec 2009
School-based learning depends on teachers' capacity to engage with each other around central issues of teaching and learning. While such collaboration is readily welcomed by some educators, others remain wedded to an "independent contractor" concept of teaching. Supporting teachers to view themselves as team members and to perform effectively as a team demands more of leaders than simply establishing structures and identifying tasks. Even assuming positive intent on the part of the participants, the journey from a group to a team can be daunting. Without skillful facilitation, groups are likely to encounter personal dynamics that not only provide unanticipated challenges but may also serve as deal breakers in becoming a high-performing team. An experienced, astute facilitator who models interpersonal skills and dispositions needed for effective team work can make the difference between a group that remains a collectivity of individuals and one that forges the bonds of cohesiveness and trust that allow great things to happen. One of the most useful tools that is used to support work in facilitating teams is the Team Performance Model developed by Drexler, Sibbet, and Forrester (2009). In this model, the developers identify seven stages--orientation, trust building, goal clarification, commitment, implementation, high performance, and renewal--that describe a team's evolution from formation through task completion and renewal. In this article, the author describes the first two of these stages with a focus on what happens when issues are unresolved for team members. Following each of these descriptions are suggestions for facilitators.
Descriptors: Professional Development, Professional Autonomy, Group Dynamics, Transformative Learning, Team Training, Goal Orientation, Group Unity, Coaching (Performance), Trust (Psychology), Cooperative Learning, Models, Student Attitudes, Participative Decision Making, Interpersonal Competence
National Staff Development Council. 504 South Locust Street, Oxford, OH 45056. Tel: 513-523-6029; Fax: 513-523-0638; e-mail: NSDCoffice@nsdc.org; Web site: http://www.nsdc.org/news/jsd/index.cfm
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A