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ERIC Number: EJ876069
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9924
Word Learning by Children with Phonological Delays: Differentiating Effects of Phonotactic Probability and Neighborhood Density
Storkel, Holly L.; Hoover, Jill R.
Journal of Communication Disorders, v43 n2 p105-119 Mar-Apr 2010
This study examined the ability of 20 preschool children with functional phonological delays and 34 age- and vocabulary-matched typical children to learn words differing in phonotactic probability (i.e., the likelihood of occurrence of a sound sequence) and neighborhood density (i.e., the number of words that differ from a target by one phoneme). Children were exposed to nonwords paired with novel objects in a story and learning was measured by a picture naming task. Results showed that both groups created lexical representations for rare sound sequences from sparse neighborhoods. However, only children with typical development appeared to build on this initial lexical representation to create a full representation of the word (i.e., lexical-semantic connection and semantic representation). It was hypothesized that creating a lexical representation may be too resource demanding for children with phonological delays, leaving few resources available to create a lexical-semantic connection and/or a semantic representation. Learning outcomes: The reader will be able to (1) define phonotactic probability; (2) define neighborhood density; (3) identify how these variables impact the word learning process in general; (4) identify potential areas of deficit in the word learning process for children with functional phonological delays. (Contains 3 figures and 2 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A