ERIC Number: EJ875462
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Poiseuille's Law--Showing that "p" Is Inversely Proportional to R[superscript 4] Using the Shell Method
Drost, John P.; Georges, Rachel A.
AMATYC Review, v25 n2 p11-15 Spr 2004
Jean Poiseuille, a physician, developed a mercury filled U-tube to measure blood pressure in 1828. He discovered that pressure in veins is significantly lower than pressure in arteries. As a result, he studied liquid flow in small tubes. A few years later he established Poiseuille's Law, which states the resistance, "p," of the flow of blood as "p" = K(L/R[superscript 4]) where L and R are the length and radius of the vessel respectively. K is a positive constant determined by the viscosity of the blood. It is curious that the resistance is inversely proportional to the fourth power of the radius R. At first glance, most individuals may assume the resistance should be inversely proportional to the second power of the radius since the area of a circle is [pi]R[superscript 2]. In this article, mathematics, including finding volume using cylindrical shells, is developed to establish that the resistance is indeed inversely proportional to the fourth power of the radius.
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, College Mathematics, Community Colleges, Measurement Techniques
American Mathematical Association of Two-Year Colleges. 5983 Macon Cove, Memphis, TN 38134. Tel: 901-333-4643; Fax: 901-333-4651; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.amatyc.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A