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ERIC Number: EJ875238
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-0736-0983
Strategic by Design: Iterative Approaches to Educational Planning
Chance, Shannon
Planning for Higher Education, v38 n2 p40-54 Jan-Mar 2010
Linear planning and decision-making models assume a level of predictability that is uncommon today. Such models inadequately address the complex variables found in higher education. When academic organizations adopt paired-down business strategies, they restrict their own vision. They fail to harness emerging opportunities or learn from their own mistakes. Better models do exist, however, and can help educational planners improve planning practice. Strategies employed in design professions (like architecture) incorporate non-linear, iterative, synthesizing processes. Iterative techniques can help organizations (and their leaders) understand and deal with change in proactive ways. This article defines and illustrates iterative planning strategies and metaphors that may help, such as decision-making spirals, interactive learning methods, design thinking, improvisation, chaos theory, and the collaborative design-studio format. (Contains 7 figures.)
Society for College and University Planning. 339 East Liberty Street Suite 300, Ann Arbor, MI 48104. Tel: 734-998-7832; Fax: 734-998-6532; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A