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ERIC Number: EJ875118
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0142-7164
Young Children's Sensitivity to New and Given Information when Answering Predicate-Focus Questions
Salomo, Dorothe; Lieven, Elena; Tomasello, Michael
Applied Psycholinguistics, v31 n1 p101-115 Jan 2010
In two studies we investigated 2-year-old children's answers to predicate-focus questions depending on the preceding context. Children were presented with a successive series of short video clips showing transitive actions (e.g., frog washing duck) in which either the action (action-new) or the patient (patient-new) was the changing, and therefore new, element. During the last scene the experimenter asked the question (e.g., "What's the frog doing now?"). We found that children expressed the action and the patient in the patient-new condition but expressed only the action in the action-new condition. These results show that children are sensitive to both the predicate-focus question and newness in context. A further finding was that children expressed new patients in their answers more often when there was a verbal context prior to the questions than when there was not. (Contains 2 tables, 2 figures and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A