ERIC Number: EJ874889
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
A Longitudinal Examination of the Role of Stereotype Threat and Racial Climate on College Outcomes for Minorities at Elite Institutions
Fischer, Mary J.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v13 n1 p19-40 Mar 2010
This paper employs hierarchical linear models to explore the long-term effects of stereotype threat on college outcomes for students in the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen. Performance burden was negatively related to both grades and social satisfaction with college. Social satisfaction with college was also significantly impacted by students' perception of the campus racial climate. This paper examines the combined impact of performance burden, campus racial climate, cumulative GPA, and social life satisfaction early in college on 4 year graduation rates. Overall, while there are large initial differences in the likelihood of graduating on time for black and Hispanic students relative to whites, these differences are completely explained by assessments of campus racial climate, social life satisfaction, and grades. The findings suggest that interventions to reduce stereotype threat and improve the racial atmosphere on campus may go a long way towards reducing--and in some cases eliminating--disparities between racial/ethnic groups in college outcomes.
Descriptors: Social Life, Student Attitudes, Stereotypes, Grade Point Average, Life Satisfaction, Graduation Rate, Ethnic Groups, College Environment, Selective Admission, Longitudinal Studies, College Freshmen, Surveys, Racial Attitudes, Racial Differences, Intervention, Outcomes of Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A